Risky Diet.

first_img They’ve looked for ways to control pathogens, such as Salmonella and E. coli 0157:H7, that cause food-borne illness. They’ve tried all kinds of sanitizers — chlorine, chlorine dioxide, hydrogen peroxide, diluted ethanol and commercial products — to ensure raw-sprout safety. “We haven’t been successful in killing the organisms to the degree we’d like,” Beuchat said. “All of the sanitizers have some effect on the pathogens, but none eliminates them.” The problem with anything short of complete success in eliminating pathogens from seeds is the potential for a bacterial explosion as the sprouts grow. “If you miss only one or two pathogenic bacteria on the seeds, they can multiply to very high numbers,” Beuchat said. “You can have pathogen numbers of 1 million to 10 million per gram of sprouts during the three to four days of production.” Beuchat has mainly studied alfalfa sprouts, the kind most commonly used in salads and sandwiches. Mung bean and soybean sprouts are mostly used for cooked dishes. The many other kinds of sprouts include broccoli, clover, onion, radish and sunflower. To grow sprouts, seeds are kept constantly wet and at room temperature (65 to 75 degrees) for three to four days. Those same conditions are ideal for bacterial growth. Beuchat said the seeds can become contaminated with a pathogen anywhere in a long trail. “We can’t completely control the environment in the field,” he said. “Birds can carry Salmonella. Animals, including deer, can carry E. coli. Manure that Request the high-res image Larry Beuchat rarely eats raw sprouts. And nothing he has seen in his lab encourages him to eat more. “There’s certainly a risk,” said Beuchat, a food microbiologist with the University of Georgia College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences. Raw sprouts are popular in salads, sandwiches and other foods. They’re also cooked as an ingredient in a number of foods, particularly stir-fried and sauteed dishes. The cooked sprouts don’t worry Beuchat. But eating them raw, he says, poses a risk of food-borne illness. His research at the UGA Center for Food Safety and Quality Enhancement in Griffin, Ga., is at the heart of his concerns. “We’ve done quite a lot of work with both the alfalfa seeds and mature sprouts,” he said. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has concerns about raw sprouts as a source of food-borne illness. Several outbreaks of Salmonella and E. coli have been connected to raw sprouts. Beuchat and his graduate students have scrutinized sprouts throughout conditions normally used to grow and market them. E.coli O157:H7 hasn’t been properly composted can be contaminated.” Harmful organisms can get onto the seeds after they leave the field, too. “Anywhere along the way — in the handling, transportation, contact with human hands — the seeds can become contaminated,” he said. The real problem starts then. “A pathogen on a dry seed is just there. It’s not growing,” Beuchat said. “But once you hydrate it and put it in the sprout production process, the organism is going to reproduce during that entire time. It has all it needs — plenty of moisture, adequate temperature and nutrients from the sprouts.” Once the sprouts are mature, they’re washed, packaged and distributed to stores and restaurants. They’re often refrigerated during that time, which limits further bacterial growth. But if pathogens were there to start with, the sprouts will already be unsafe. “Without heat, we have no effective intervention step to kill the pathogens,” Beuchat said. “Sprouts are nutritious,” said Judy Harrison, an Extension Service foods specialist with the UGA College of Family and Consumer Sciences. “But given the safety concerns, eating them raw is something to be very cautious of.” Children, older people and those with compromised immune systems are especially at risk for food-borne illnesses with serious and even life-threatening complications. “Those people should probably avoid eating raw sprouts,” Harrison said.last_img read more

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Totteham Hotspur goalkeeper Lloris in hospital after injuring arm

first_imgRelatedPosts EPL: Alli’s penalty earns Spurs draw at Burnley UCL: RB Leipzig pink slender win against Spurs Lloris out until 2020 Tottenham goalkeeper, Hugo Lloris, was taken to hospital on Saturday after injuring his arm in the third minute in the game against Brighton & Hove Albion at the Amex stadium.The 32-year-old Frenchman fell heavily into his goal as he tried to prevent Neal Maupay scoring after parrying the ball into the path of the Brighton striker.In obvious pain, Lloris was treated for six minutes by medical staff before being taken from the pitch on a stretcher while being given oxygen.“He is in the hospital now,” said Spurs manager Mauricio Pochettino. “There is no other news at the moment”.Spurs went on to lose the game 3-0.Pochettino added: “Hugo Lloris’ injury had massive impact on the game.“It was so early in the game. To concede so early and losing our captain, it had an emotional impact on the team.“We tried to find solutions, a different way to play but it was impossible. It’s a very difficult moment.” Tags: Hugo LlorisTotteham Hotspurlast_img read more

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Leinster recover to conquer Castres

first_imgLeinster reasserted their control of Heineken Cup Pool One by ending Castres’ proud 18-match home record at Stade Pierre-Antoine. Jimmy Gopperth scored two tries in response, the second coming in first-half injury time, as Leinster closed the gap to 17-12 at the interval. It was a real war of attrition in the concluding 40 minutes and Matt O’Connor’s men gained vital momentum on the hour mark, courtesy of three Gopperth penalties and a drop goal from Rob Kearney on his 50th Heineken Cup appearance. Flanker Jordi Murphy then claimed his first European try to put the result beyond doubt, while Castres capitalised on Sean Cronin’s sin-binning to score an injury-time consolation try through Remi Lamerat. Having lost at home to Northampton in the previous round, Leinster needed to bounce back in order to keep hold of top spot and remain on course for the quarter-finals. Castres were missing some notable names through injury – top-scoring scrum-half Rory Kockott and back- rowers Pedrie Wannenburg and Antonie Claassen chief among them – but their shadow side got off to a very strong start. Flanker Ibrahim Diarra got his hands free to send centre Lamerat weaving through some lacklustre Leinster challenges. He was brought down in sight of the posts, before Seremaia Bai’s long pass put the waiting Gray over in the left corner. Television match official Derek Bevan confirmed the score which Cedric Garcia crisply converted. The excellent Diarra then forced another turnover near halfway from which the French side sprung winger Remi Grosso into space on the left and with Rob Kearney drawn in, he passed inside for Dulin to finish off their second try. Castres’ most recent home defeat was against Ulster last January and they fell to another Irish province here despite establishing a 14-0 lead and dominating the scrum. The under-strength Castres team ended the first quarter in full control as full-back Brice Dulin touched down to add to Scotland and Lions lock Richie Gray’s opening try. Garcia’s conversion left Leinster 14-0 adrift and with considerable ground to make up. Their forwards took up the baton, with Jordi Murphy held up short from a line-out maul. From the resulting scrum, the Castres defence was caught off guard as Eoin Reddan passed for his half-back partner Gopperth to score by the posts, with the New Zealander also converting. Goal-kicking scrum-half Garcia was on target in the 39th minute but the visitors – aided by a fine Fitzgerald run – got a timely boost when Gopperth shrugged off two tackles and stretched over under pressure from Gray to claim his second try. Leinster won a central penalty for some needless stamping by Garcia when play resumed and the successful kick from Gopperth made it a two-point game. Reddan soon sniped through on a break which led to a long-range drop goal from full-back Kearney, moving Leinster ahead for the first time, and Castres coughed up another penalty which Gopperth nudged home. Leinster were suddenly 24-17 ahead when a 63rd-minute carry from replacement prop Cian Healy – a late inclusion on the bench after an incredibly quick recovery from ankle surgery – set up Gopperth’s third penalty goal. The Castres pack battered away in the Leinster 22 but the visitors, following a spell of desperate defending, countered for a brilliant third try. Healy cut inside two tackles near the Castres 22 and passed for Murphy to dive over in the right corner in the 77th minute. Although the win was now beyond them, Castres’ persistence was rewarded in the dying seconds when Lamerat scrambled over from a close-in ruck. Press Associationlast_img read more

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