2014 Climate

first_imgWild variation in rainfall made 2014 a rough year for Georgia farmers, especially those in the southwestern corner of the state. Abnormally heavy rainfall in April delayed necessary fieldwork and planting. Atypical dry conditions during the growing season stopped the germination of some seeds and put stress on many crops, leading to an increase in irrigation in some areas. When it was time to harvest, abnormally plentiful fall rain kept farmers out of their fields and reduced the yield and quality of some crops. Precipitation While April, September, November and December saw above-average rainfall across the state, the rest of 2014 left the state with just average or less-than-average precipitation levels. Conditions were the driest in June, July and August, attributable, at least in part, to the lack of tropical storms moving through the state this year. The tropical season was fairly quiet across the Atlantic Ocean basin, although it was very wet in the eastern Pacific Ocean, which is consistent with near-El Niño conditions that lingered through the summer and fall months. By the end of August, about 25 percent of Georgia counties in the southwestern corner of the state were experiencing some level of drought, and about 20 counties were experiencing severe drought. Heavy rains across the state, starting in September, helped to eliminate these drought and abnormally dry conditions and to recharge the state’s soil moisture for this growing season. TemperatureThe temperature departures for each month ranged from 6 degrees below normal in January to more than 4 degrees above normal in December, but, as a whole, 2014 will go down in the record books as one of the colder years in recent decades. With the exception of two unusually cool periods in mid- and late-July, which made it feel more like October, farmers had a fairly normal growing season in the spring and summer. The first quarter of 2014 was colder than average and the last quarter was highly variable, with November being much colder and December being much warmer than average. The large swings in winter and fall temperatures are related to the high-amplitude weather pattern that dominated the U.S. and the world for much of 2014. In this pattern, a ridge of high pressure developed in the western U.S., and a corresponding trough of low pressure dug into the eastern U.S. This pattern contributed to the continuation of drought in California and significantly above-normal temperatures in the west and Alaska. The same system helped keep the eastern U.S. relatively cool by comparison. The eastern U.S., including Georgia, was one of the few areas on the globe with relatively cool temperatures this year. These cooler temperatures were one of the factors that prevented the dry conditions from turning into a crisis-level drought for the state. The only extended time period in Georgia’s history with no significant droughts was the period from about 1958 to 1980, when cool temperatures and some wet years resulted in a “benign period” during which there were no significant dry spells in the Southeast. What to Expect in 2015While climatologists were predicting an El Niño weather pattern in 2014, it never officially materialized. Many signs pointed to its presence, including the slow Atlantic hurricane season and very active eastern Pacific season. At the end of 2014, warmer-than-normal ocean temperatures in the eastern Pacific Ocean were not quite high enough to officially declare an El Niño. El Niño conditions are expected to be less of a concern going into 2015. Early predictions for next year indicate that the opposite pattern, La Niña, might develop by late in the year. Statistically, La Niña years generally have active tropical seasons and dry, warm winters. This could lead to a wetter-than-expected late summer and fall if the tropics bring storms across Georgia, and less winter recharge of soil moistures going into 2016.last_img read more

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Shelvey reaction impresses Monk

first_img “Jonjo’s in good form and had a very good month, he’s showing bits of what we know he can do and what we’re pushing him to do,” Monk said ahead of in-form Liverpool’s league visit to the Liberty Stadium. “You have to look at it as a response [to the criticism] because of his performance levels. “He’s done very well over the last month, but he contributed before that anyway. “The performances were probably a bit more patchy then, but in the last month his game has been more complete. “Hopefully he’ll continue that and get better because there’s a lot more to come from Jonjo. “It’s trying to get that out of him, it’s about him maturing because he’s still a young player and see what he can do going forward.” Swansea’s first game after Monk criticised Shelvey was a 4-1 defeat at Liverpool and the 23-year-old had an unhappy return to Anfield. Shelvey failed to track Adam Lallana for Liverpool’s third goal before heading into his own net and there was even worse to come when he received a retrospective four-game ban for flinging an arm into the face of Emre Can, the Football Association handing out the suspension after an earlier red card at Everton in November. But Shelvey’s fortunes took a turn for the better when he scored a venomous winner at Southampton at the start of February while playing in the number 10 role and he has since sparkled in Monk’s new diamond formation. The once-capped England international shone in back-to-back victories over Manchester United and Burnley and Monk believes the new system suits Shelvey’s passing ability and attacking instincts. “I think it’s helped him,” Monk said. “He’s taken on the challenge really well and it’s good to see. “He’s knuckled down this month and shown a real good level of performance, and now Jonjo must make sure he finishes the season as strong as possible. “He knows it’s still a long way to go for him, there’s still lot of improvement to come and it’s good to see he’s pushing himself. “I know how much Jonjo is fond of Liverpool, he always wants to show he can do well and hopefully he can do that on Monday night.” Monk took the unusual step of singling out an individual for criticism in December when he told Shelvey to “wise up” and said that he would not tolerate his “laziness” any more. But Shelvey, who has a reunion with former club Liverpool on Monday night, has flourished in a new-look Swansea formation in recent weeks and was nominated for February’s Barclays Premier League player-of-the-month award won by Tottenham striker Harry Kane. Press Association Swansea manager Garry Monk believes Jonjo Shelvey has shown the right response after criticising the player in public earlier this season.last_img read more

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