In their study, which is published in a recent issue of Physical Review Letters, the scientists explain how they discovered the new waves. They confined water inside a Hele-Shaw cell, which is a container made of two parallel glass plates separated by a small gap. In this case, the plates were positioned vertically, like the two sides of an ant farm. The plates were 30 cm wide, and the gap between them was just 1.5 mm. The water inside was about 5 cm deep.The researchers mounted the Hele-Shaw cell on a shaker, which vertically vibrated the cell and the water inside. While carefully controlling the vibration frequency and amplitude, they recorded the water surface deformation with a high-speed camera.When the researchers slowly increased the oscillation amplitude, two-dimensional standing waves with large amplitudes began to form on the water’s surface. As the researchers explained, these waves are called Faraday waves, which form on the surface of a vibrating fluid when the vibration frequency exceeds a certain value, and the surface becomes unstable.The researchers observed two different shapes of Faraday waves, one having even symmetry and the other having odd symmetry. The even symmetry can be seen as a vertical “mirror” symmetry between the wave’s left and right sides. The odd symmetry of the second wave is only approximate, since the wave’s lower half is not exactly the same shape as the upper half. Because the researchers used an external probe to briefly perturb the surface, they think that the different wave patterns are likely attributed to the probe motion. More information: Jean Rajchenbach, et al. “New Standing Solitary Waves in Water.” Physical Review Letters 107, 024502 (2011). DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.107.024502 What makes the giant freak wave ‘stable’ The even (left) and odd (right) standing solitary waves, whose motions can be seen in the video below. Image copyright: Jean Rajchenbach, et al. ©2011 American Physical Society Explore further Copyright 2011 PhysOrg.com.All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed in whole or part without the express written permission of PhysOrg.com. The odd standing solitary wave. Video copyright: Jean Rajchenbach, et al. ©2011 American Physical Society Citation: Scientists discover new water waves (2011, July 19) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2011-07-scientists_1.html “These waves are both strongly localized, and stationary,” Rajchenbach told PhysOrg.com. “Until now, two main classes of water solitary waves had been described: propagative solitons (the famous ‘Korteweg de Vries’) and envelope solitons (described by the nonlinear Schrodinger Equation), consisting of a large wave packet enveloping a large number of arches of ‘carrier’ waves. The observed waves belong to a different category of solitary waves.”When trying to understand how surface instabilities could have caused these waves to form, the researchers encountered some problems due to the waves’ large amplitudes, since general amplitude equations describe waves with significantly smaller amplitudes. But in general, the researchers think that the novel wave patterns likely arise from the overlap of flat and wavy regions, both of which result from shaking-induced instabilities. The instabilities may involve mechanisms that also play a role in other fields, such as nonlinear optics, chemistry, and biology, as well as in sea waves.“The main interest of our work obviously applies to sea nonlinear waves, and strengthens our knowledge concerning the formation of ocean waves of large amplitudes (giant ‘rogue’ waves or ‘tsunamis’),” Rajchenbach said. The even standing solitary wave. Video copyright: Jean Rajchenbach, et al. ©2011 American Physical Society (PhysOrg.com) — By precisely shaking a container of shallow water, researchers have observed wave behavior that has never been seen before. In a new study, Jean Rajchenbach, Alphonse Leroux, and Didier Clamond of the University of Nice-Sophia Antipolis in Nice, France, have reported the observation of two new types of standing waves in water, one of which has never been observed before in any media. When analyzing the standing waves, the researchers found that the two-dimensional even wave resembles the profile of a three-dimensional “axisymmetric oscillon,” a type of wave that has previously been observed at the surface of a layer of vibrating bronze beads. To the researchers’ knowledge, the odd standing wave has never been observed in any fluid media. The odd standing solitary wave. Video copyright: Jean Rajchenbach, et al. ©2011 American Physical Society The even standing solitary wave. Video copyright: Jean Rajchenbach, et al. ©2011 American Physical Society This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.
Jupiter. Photo courtesy of NASA (PhysOrg.com) — Jupiter, the largest planet in our solar system, may be causing its own core to liquefy, at least according to Hugh Wilson and colleague Burkhard Militzer of UC, Berkeley. They’ve come to this conclusion after making quantum mechanical calculations on the conditions that exist within the big planet. In a paper published on the preprint server arXiv, and submitted to Physical Review Letters, the two explain that because the gas giant has a relatively small core made of mostly iron, rock (partly magnesium oxide) and ice, and sits embedded in fluid hydrogen and helium all under great pressure from the planet’s gravity (which has created very high temperatures (16,000 K)), there is a likelihood that the core is liquefying due to the heat and pressure exerted on the magnesium oxide. Researchers moving closer to a soluble solution to Haber-Bocsh process Citation: New calculations suggest Jupiter’s core may be liquefying (2011, December 21) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2011-12-jupiter-core-liquefying.html © 2011 PhysOrg.com This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Journal information: Physical Review Letters Calculating the possibility of the magnesium oxide liquefying had to be done to predict the outcome because recreating the environment that exists inside of Jupiter for experimentation purposes isn’t feasible. They have in essence shown that magnesium oxide, when exposed to such high temperatures and pressure, has high solubility, which of course means a high probability of dissolving into a liquid. In a previous study, the team also made calculations showing that the core ice would likely be dissolving as well.The findings suggest that Jupiter’s core might not be as big as it once was, though it currently weights about as much as ten Earth’s (the whole planet weighs as much as 318 Earth’s). This implies that the core could eventually be reduced down to nothing at all. And if that’s the case, than those who study exoplanets, particularly the giant gas variety, will have to do some rethinking, because those others might not have a core at all, contrary to conventional wisdom.Unfortunately, the calculations the two performed can’t give a rate of erosion, thus a timeline for how long it’s taken for the core to come to its current size can’t be made, nor can predictions be made on how long it might take for the core to disappear altogether; both of which would be useful in helping to predict the ages of other gas giants out beyond our solar system. Luckily, NASA has a space probe on the way to measure Jupiter’s gravitational field more accurately, though it won’t get there till 2016; that should give scientists plenty of time to consider the impact these new findings might have on their current models regarding giant gas planets. More information: Rocky core solubility in Jupiter and giant exoplanets, arXiv:1111.6309v1 [astro-ph.EP] arxiv.org/abs/1111.6309AbstractGas giants are believed to form by the accretion of hydrogen-helium gas around an initial protocore of rock and ice. The question of whether the rocky parts of the core dissolve into the fluid H-He layers following formation has significant implications for planetary structure and evolution. Here we use ab initio calculations to study rock solubility in fluid hydrogen, choosing MgO as a representative example of planetary rocky materials, and find MgO to be highly soluble in H for temperatures in excess of approximately 10000 K, implying significant redistribution of rocky core material in Jupiter and larger exoplanets.via Wired Explore further
Adult Scarlet King Snake, Florida Locale. Credit: G-Bartolotti/ Wikipedia SKCC BY-SA 3.0 Coral snakes are venomous, as most people are aware. They’re also one of the more identifiable of the venomous snakes due to their unique black, yellow and red bands along the length of their body. Scarlet kingsnakes on the other hand, are not venomous. Instead they are Batesian mimics, a term used to describe harmless creatures that mimic the appearance of those that are dangerous in the hopes that they will be mistaken for them by predators and be left alone. Both types of snakes once lived in the North Carolina Sandhills area, which allowed the scarlet kingsnake to become a mimic of the coral snake. But, something unexpected happened around 1960 that caused the coral snakes to disappear from the area—no one knows why, but it left the kingsnakes without a model to copy.With no examples to emulate, Akcali and David Pfennig figured that kingsnakes would likely have lost some of their mimicry over the past half century. To find out if they were right, the obtained samples of coral snakes captured before they disappeared and compared them with samples of kingsnakes captured at various times since then. To their surprise, they found that the sudden disappearance of the coral snake had caused the kingsnakes to look even more like them, not less.In hindsight, the research duo suggest that had they given the situation more thought, they might have predicted what they found. They note that as the numbers of coral snakes started to decline, those kingsnakes that looked less like coral snakes likely suddenly became targets of predators, while those that looked more like the venomous snakes survived, leading to a quick evolutionary change. They suggest that the trend will not continue long, however, as time passes and predators either forget what coral snakes looked like or become bolder during lean times and overcome their fear of them. Citation: Study finds mimicry increased in scarlet kingsnake snake after disappearance of coral snake (2014, June 12) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2014-06-mimicry-scarlet-kingsnake-snake-coral.html Ah, spring . . . and a snakebite alert Journal information: Biology Letters (Phys.org) —A pair of research biologists has found that a harmless snake that mimics a dangerous snake increased its mimicry after the dangerous snake disappeared from one local area. In their paper published in the journal Biology Letters, Christopher Akcali and David Pfennig of the University of North Carolina describe their findings in studying snakes in the North Carolina Sandhills and their surprise at discovering how one adapted to the demise of the other. © 2014 Phys.org Explore further This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. More information: Rapid evolution of mimicry following local model extinction, Biology Letters, Published 11 June 2014 DOI: 10.1098/rsbl.2014.0304AbstractBatesian mimicry evolves when individuals of a palatable species gain the selective advantage of reduced predation because they resemble a toxic species that predators avoid. Here, we evaluated whether—and in which direction—Batesian mimicry has evolved in a natural population of mimics following extirpation of their model. We specifically asked whether the precision of coral snake mimicry has evolved among kingsnakes from a region where coral snakes recently (1960) went locally extinct. We found that these kingsnakes have evolved more precise mimicry; by contrast, no such change occurred in a sympatric non-mimetic species or in conspecifics from a region where coral snakes remain abundant. Presumably, more precise mimicry has continued to evolve after model extirpation, because relatively few predator generations have passed, and the fitness costs incurred by predators that mistook a deadly coral snake for a kingsnake were historically much greater than those incurred by predators that mistook a kingsnake for a coral snake. Indeed, these results are consistent with prior theoretical and empirical studies, which revealed that only the most precise mimics are favoured as their model becomes increasingly rare. Thus, highly noxious models can generate an ‘evolutionary momentum’ that drives the further evolution of more precise mimicry—even after models go extinct.
The physicists, Gonzalo Carvacho et al., from institutions in Italy, Brazil, and Germany, have published a paper on the demonstration of the violation of bilocal causality in a recent issue of Nature Communications.In general, the idea of local causality is usually taken for granted: objects can influence other objects only when they are physically close together, and any correlations between distant objects must have originated in the past when they were closer together. But in the quantum world, distant particles can be correlated in ways that are impossible for classical objects, unless these distant particles can somehow influence each other.To determine whether local causality has been violated, physicists perform Bell tests, which attempt to violate Bell inequalities. If a Bell inequality is violated, then either locality or realism (or simply “local realism”) has also been violated.There are dozens of different versions of Bell inequalities, but currently they all make the same assumption: that the correlations between particles all originate from a single common source. In real experiments, however, particles and their correlations can come from many different sources.To address this issue, the new paper considers a new type of Bell inequality that accounts for the fact that the two sources of states used in the experiment are independent, the so-called bilocality assumption. By violating this new type of Bell inequality, the researchers have for the first time violated bilocal causality, indicating the presence of non-bilocal correlations that are completely different than other types of quantum correlations.The researchers also showed that, in certain situations, it’s possible to violate bilocal causality but not any other type of local causality. This finding further suggests that this type of violation is truly different than any standard local causality violation.”Our work is an experimental proof-of-principle for network generalizations of Bell’s theorem,” coauthor Fabio Sciarrino at the Sapienza University of Rome told Phys.org. “We experimentally demonstrated how bilocality can be considered a powerful resource enlarging our current capabilities to process information in a non-classical way.”Overall, the results contribute to the perspective that the standard Bell inequalities are just one particular type of more general phenomena. Further exploring this idea could guide the design of future experiments that may reveal greater insight into the violations of local causality and how they might be used in applications. The new non-bilocal correlations, for instance, could be used as a resource for establishing highly secure quantum communication channels in complex quantum networks.In the future, the researchers plan to extend the experimental demonstration to larger quantum networks. They also noted that the current experiment is subject to loopholes, just like any other Bell test, other than the recent loophole-free Bell tests. The physicists hope that one day a loophole-free test may also be developed for bilocal causality violation.”A natural next step is to experimentally realize larger quantum networks by adding more nodes and more entangled sources,” Sciarrino said. “Our current research plans address the study of the bilocality in quantum networks under strict conditions of reference frames between the different parties in order to highlight another characteristic of this new resource.” Citation: Physicists demonstrate new way to violate local causality (2017, April 21) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2017-04-physicists-violate-local-causality.html This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Explore further Diagram of 61 Bell inequality violation values. Credit: Carvacho et al. Nature Communications Bell correlations measured in half a million atoms (Phys.org)—For the first time, physicists have experimentally demonstrated the violation of “bilocal causality”—a concept that is related to the more standard local causality, except that it accounts for the precise way in which physical systems are initially generated. The results show that it’s possible to violate local causality in an entirely new and more general way, which could lead to a potential new resource for quantum technologies. © 2017 Phys.org Journal information: Nature Communications More information: Gonzalo Carvacho et al. “Experimental violation of local causality in a quantum network.” Nature Communications. DOI: 10.1038/ncomms14775
by NPR News Melissa Block 8.22.19 5:00am This summer’s mass shootings in El Paso, Texas, and Dayton, Ohio, accelerated calls for more red flag or extreme risk laws in the states as well as helped jumpstart bills in Congress. The laws allow courts to order the seizure of firearms from those believed to pose an imminent danger to themselves or others. Seventeen states and the District of Columbia have passed them.But, while the political focus may be on mass shootings, states are using the laws far more often to prevent cases of individual gun violence, including suicide.In gun-friendly Vermont, Republican Gov. Phil Scott signed a package of gun control legislation into law in April 2018, including an extreme risk law. He said he had been “jolted” into action by what he called a “near miss”: an alleged plan by an 18-year-old to carry out a mass shooting at a high school in Fair Haven, Vt.In the 16 months since the law has been in effect, Vermont, with a population of about 627,000, has issued some 30 extreme risk protection orders, or ERPOs.One of them was served on 28-year-old Sean Laskevich, of Springfield, Vt. Appearing recently in Windsor County Superior Court, Laskevich chose not to contest the ERPO filed against him, so that he wouldn’t complicate the criminal case he’s also facing. Under the terms of the ERPO, Laskevich is prohibited from purchasing, possessing, or receiving a firearm for six months – or longer, if the order is renewed. The incident that led to his legal trouble started just before 10 p.m. on July 26, when the Springfield Police Department started getting a flood of 911 calls:”There’s a guy screaming and hollering.””He’s just screaming at the top of his lungs.””I’m pretty sure I just heard a gunshot.””I just heard him let off like 10 rounds.””Oh! Oh! I just heard another shot!”It all went down in the woods behind the house that Laskevich shares with his girlfriend, Amanda Barbour, and her children.”Sean had a legitimate breakdown, to say the least,” Barbour says. “He just in one night couldn’t take it anymore. And he felt that maybe everybody and everything was better off without him.”That night, Laskevich headed down a steep slope, across a stream, and up the opposite bank, armed with his .45 caliber Glock pistol, and started firing off shots. More than a dozen officers responded to the scene: among them, Springfield Police Chief Mark Fountain, who was roused out of bed. “I grabbed my AR-15. I had my AR-15 ready to go,” he says. “As quickly as I arrived I was told by one of the officers that a number of times [Laskevich] had discharged his firearm. I believe one of the bullets had ricocheted and they heard it whizzing over their head.”According to a police affidavit, Laskevich was shouting that he was distraught over his recent DUI arrest after he crashed his truck, as well as relationship trouble with Amanda. He repeatedly raised his pistol to his head, yelling “I am done.” “This is how I’m going out.”Amanda Barbour heard that, too, as well as another threat: “He wanted to be taken out,” she says. “He announced to the officers, ‘I want you to take me out.'”In other words, suicide by cop.At one point, Barbour says, they all heard a single shot from far back in the woods. Then: silence. “Oh, did I scream for a minute,” she says. “That made our hearts stop.”It was a relief, she says, when Sean started yelling again.The standoff and negotiation went on for nearly two hours. In the end, Laskevich gave himself up, was disarmed, and taken to the hospital for mental health screening. He faces misdemeanor criminal charges, as well as the ERPO, which falls under civil law. Laskevich declined to speak with NPR, on the advice of his criminal defense lawyer.Despite all that happened that night, Amanda Barbour says she’s confident that Laskevich poses absolutely no threat. Taking his gun away, she says, is not right.”Obviously what Sean did was not OK in any way, and he has answered to the consequences,” she says. “I do not feel that man should have to relinquish his Second Amendment for a minute because of this. I don’t feel there’s any danger whatsoever in [my] or my children’s safety when it comes to that man having a firearm. As a matter of fact, it’s a little unnerving not having one.”Talk to prosecutors and law enforcement officers in Vermont and they’ll tell you that the state’s red flag law has proved most useful in cases like this one, where someone poses a risk of suicide. Vermont has a higher rate of suicide, and suicide by gun, than national rates. In cases like these, red flag laws offer an important tool to protect public safety, says police chief Fountain. “It doesn’t always have to involve a person committing a crime,” he says. “It can just simply be a person, let’s say, who is experiencing a mental health crisis involving a weapon, where they are just threatening harm to themselves.”While it’s mass shootings that have become the catalyst for enacting red flag laws, Vermont prosecutors are dubious that that’s their best use.”Has it prevented a mass shooting thus far?” asks Erica Marthage, state’s attorney for Bennington County. “Who knows? Who can tell? In my view, clearly the overwhelming [use] is for domestic-related fatalities and suicide. It’s another safeguard.”David Cahill, the state’s attorney for Windsor County, is similarly skeptical.”I don’t for a minute believe that red flag laws will in any meaningful way interrupt the epidemic of mass shootings in this country,” he says. “I hate to say this,” he continues, “but I believe the mention of red flag laws in response to what happened in El Paso and in Dayton is a bit disingenuous. It’s intended to be a distraction…. To say that red flag laws would solve the problem of mass shootings would be to suggest that all you need to do surgery is a scalpel.”To really solve the problem, Cahill says, would require a different, much harder conversation.”The tough part is that I can’t think of a way to solve this problem without amending the Constitution,” he says. “I’m not suggesting that I have language to rewrite the Second Amendment, because I don’t. But it’s worth having the conversation about our modern weapons, this 18th century document, and what we can do to honor our history but also preserve life for ourselves and future generations.” Cahill, himself a gun owner, adds, “We’re not having that discussion. But we should.”Copyright 2019 NPR. To see more, visit NPR. In Vermont, A Case of One Man Whose Gun Was Seized Under…
Tourism in China has greatly expanded in the last few decades since the beginning of reforms. It has a large number of wonderful tourist destinations.With all this in mind, the China Happy and Healthy Tour was kicked off, serving as a platform for other countries to get an insight into China. The event, hosted by China National Tourism Administration and Chinese Embassy at the DLF Promenade on 22 September, showcased the colourful culture and rich tourism resources in different parts of China.The convention also served as a golden opportunity for tourism communities of two countries — India and China — to interact with each other and explore the respective tourism markets in order to expand and enhance business.‘China and India, as two close neighbours, enjoy long- standing good relationship in the history characterised by friendly exchanges. China owes its Buddhism culture to India and India draws inspirations from Chinese products like tea, porcelain and silk. The exchanges have deeply enriched our respective cultures and become an unfailing driving force for evolution of two great civilisations,’ said HE Zhang Yan, Chinese Ambassador to India.In recent years, in the domain of tourism, bilateral co-operation between the two countries has been expanding rapidly. ‘Today over 40 flights shuttle between China and India every week. The Chinese first stop visits to India has reached 1.3 lakh, increasing by more than 20 per cent over 2010,’ he added.
Sunday evening saw Shashi Tharoor all charged up, despite suffering from a little cold, to interact with an auditorium filled with people about his latest book Pax Indica, a seminal work on India’s foreign policy. The evening hosted the fourth edition of Books & Authors, where Tharoor was featured to educate the audience and discuss with them the intricacies described in his manuscript.The well known author, veteran UN official and diplomat, and currently the Union Minister of state for HRD, Tharoor, graced his presence at CSOI Complex where the book was introduced by Ujjwal Singh Bhatia, who was till recently India’s ambassador to the WTO at Geneva. The evening of interactive session was moderated by Sanjeev Chopra, the current Joint Secretary in the Ministry of Agriculture. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’Pax Indica, or the Indian peace, is the thirteenth feather in the cap of the author-diplomat turned politician Tharoor. The author’s basic hypothesis is that India can use a combination of her size, trade prowess, soft power and growing influence in the world to ensure an age of domestic transformation. As far as Tharoor is concerned, Pax Indica is a foreign policy that allows India to play a role in developing a contemporary ‘peace system’ that will help ‘promote and maintain a period or co-operative co-existence’. Also Read – Leslie doing new comedy special with NetflixPax Indica has been written with precision, clarity and an idea to introduce the concept of India’s Foreign Policy.Tharoor who emphasises upon India’s need to ‘cultivate good relations with countries that can assist’ us in his manuscript and thus in the process become ‘partners in our fundamental objective of keeping our people safe, secure and free’ goes some distance in explaining the seeming contradictions in India’s foreign policy.It is commendable, Tharoor said, ‘The book ensures to draw the attention of readers to the neglected Indian Foreign Service and weaves the past problems encountered by various Ministers and the laxity on the part of successive governments although he himself is a part of the system.’ He added that the book is about India and India’s position in the world. The last few chapters discuss on forward looking will the initial chapters talk about the present situation.During the interaction, Tharoor also cited few of the instances about the present political system and said that politicians by and large tend not to think beyond the next election. He even said, ‘We made our new policy with our head and not our heart and in the process we have lost our soul.’
The Capital witnessed the launch of SV Krishnamurthy’s book At The Helm on Monday at India International Centre. Krishnamurthy, the former chairman of SAIL, launched the book amidst an audience comprising of public sector employees, ex-employees, dignitaries and guests. The program started with a welcome note by the publisher of Harper Collins. After the welcome message, the speaker CS Verma, CMD, SAIL spoke on life history of V Krishnamurthy, followed by Balyan, CEO of NDMC spoke about Krishnamurthy expressing his gratitude and appreciation. B Prasadda Rao, BHEL President and Athaiya spoke next. Following this the chief guest at the event, V Venugopal Reddy, IAS and ex Governor of RBI, launched the book. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’‘The book is valuable because it captures both macro and micro analysis of the economy. It is all about path breaking initiatives management principles and practices that will be useful to the new age managers employed in both public and private sectors. It is based on the concepts and ideas used in manufacturing and other industry’s scenario. Basically it is a narrative story of leadership and success and I hope readers find it useful and are able to utilize the ideas in application efficiently’, said Krishnamurthy, talking about At The Helm.The dignitaries gathered at the launch spoke fondly about the author and talked about his contributions to the field and the guidance given by Krishnamurthy to numerous SAIL employees in his long, illustrious career. The event ended with thank you speeches by some of the special guests present at the event.
The high-level Justice A P Shah panel, set up to look into levy of MAT on FIIs, has begun consultations with stakeholders including an industry body which said it should not apply on such investors.The committee met representatives of Ficci, CII, Assocham and American Chamber of Commerce (Amcham) as well as experts from KPMG, EY and Deloitte.It is scheduled to hold further consultations with Institute of Chartered Accountants of India, Pricewaterhouse Coopers and other expert groups. Also Read – I-T issues 17-point checklist to trace unaccounted DeMO cashHeaded by Law Commission Chairman A P Shah, the panel was formally constituted in May with former Chief Economic Advisor Ashok Lahiri and Chartered accountant Girish Ahuja as other two members.In its representation to the committee, Assocham said the government should issue a clarification that Minimum Alternate Tax provisions were never intended and do not apply to FIIs/FPIs.“It is also requested (that you should) recommend to the Government to direct the Revenue authorities to stay the demand raised on FIIs/FPIs and not to take any coercive action, till the time the MAT issue is resolved. Also Read – Lanka launches ambitious tourism programme to woo Indian tourists“The above action would be in accordance with the Government’s intention of providing a non-adversarial and stable tax regime to the taxpayer in India,” the chamber said.Although the Shah panel has
Kolkata: State Finance and Industry minister Amit Mitra said on Thursday that the state government has increased the threshold limit to Rs 1 lakh for the electronic-way or e-way bill in case of movement of goods within the state, from the existing limit of up to Rs 50,000.He further announced that the generation of such bill for an intra-state movement of goods is being exempted, where goods are being sent to job workers.”The e-way bill with regard to movement of goods within the state originating and terminating within Bengal (intra-state movement but without passing through any other state), would be required where the consignment value exceeds Rs 1 lakh. Such limit is up to Rs 50,000 in other states. We have raised the limit keeping in mind the interest of our small traders,” Mitra said at the Kolkata Garment Expo 2018, organised by Bengal Readymade Garments Manufacturers and Traders Welfare Association. Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Merc, 2 B’deshi bystanders killedQuoting the notification that was issued by the Commissioner of State Tax, Bengal on Thursday, Mitra added: “Generation of e-way bill for an intra-state movement of goods is exempted where such goods are being sent to a job worker for job work, being sent from one job worker to another, or are being returned to the principal after such job work and where such transportation is not for final delivery of the finished goods.”It may be mentioned that the Central government had launched the e-way bill system from April 1, for moving goods worth over Rs 50,000 from one state to another and the same for intra or within the state movement was rolled out from April 15 in a phased manner. Such a bill is required when the value of taxable consignment, along with the tax value, is more than Rs 50,000. Also Read – Naihati: 10 councillors return to TMC from BJPThe Finance minister also announced a textile hub at Nangi in Maheshtala, South 24-Parganas, on a land of nine lakh sq ft, for facilitating garment manufacturers and traders and a common facility centre would also be set up.According to him, nearly 30,000 artisans and entrepreneurs, including organised and unorganised sectors, have been working in Metiabruz, a hub of garments and apparel manufacturing in the state that generates over 5 lakh jobs.Mitra reiterated that the Mamata Banerjee government is leaving no stones unturned to bring the unorganised sector under an organised set-up so that they get better margins and manufacture products of export standards.”The common facility centre will house design, laboratory and other facilities for facilitating the manufacturers,” Mitra added. In Metiabruz, 90 percent small entrepreneurs and artisans are unorganised.According to him, bank lending to MSMEs in the last year was Rs 44,000 crore, exceeding the target of Rs 38,000 crore in the state.
A one-year-old boy has died after a boat carrying migrants to the Greek island of Lesbos from Turkey began sinking during the night, the ministry of shipping said on Friday.It said the child was on board a dinghy with 55 others, who said they were
Human exposure to nature is linked to safer communities with better social and community interactions, says a new study.Numerous studies have demonstrated the benefits of contact with nature for human well-being. However, little is known about the social consequences of such contact.An international, interdisciplinary team used nationally representative data from Britain to examine the relationships between objective measures and self-reported assessments of contact with nature, community cohesion and local crime incidence. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’The authors found that people’s experiences of local nature could explain eight percent variance in survey responses about perceptions of community cohesion.They said this was “a striking finding given that individual predictors such as income, gender, age, and education together accounted for only three percent” of the variance.The relationship with crime was similarly striking. According to the study results, objective measures of the amount of green space or farmland accessible in people’s neighbourhoods accounted for four percent additional variance in crime rates.”The positive impact of local nature on neighbours’ mutual support may discourage crime, even in areas lower in socio-economic factors,” said lead author Netta Weinstein from Cardiff University.The authors suggested that findings such as theirs could justify policies aimed at ameliorating crime by improving contact with nature. The findings were published in the journal BioScience.
Kolkata: Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee urged people to maintain communal peace and harmony during the festive season.While inaugurating the community Puja at 74 Palli in Kidderpore on Thursday afternoon, she said many people will come from other states and even foreign countries to see the gala festival.”Durga Puja has become international. National Geographic will cover the Puja in 2018. It is the biggest festival in India and people from different religions and communities take part in it. It is our responsibility to maintain peace and harmony during the same.” Also Read – Rain batters Kolkata, cripples normal lifeAssuring the gathering she said she has the information that there will be no rain during the Pujas and dry spell will start from Saturday or Sunday.Banerjee also inaugurated the Puja at 25 Palli in Kidderpore. She was accompanied by Firhad Hakim, state Urban Development and Municipal Affairs minister. She said: “In addition to proper Kolkata, some Pujas in Kidderpore, Behala and Metiabruz are also beautiful.”Banerjee asked the organisers of Badamtala Ashar Sangha in Rashbehari area to reduce the size of the pandal. “There should be free entry and exit of people and the pathways situated on two sides cannot be blocked, in order to combat any emergency,” she said. Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Mercedes car in Kolkata, 2 pedestrians killedShe inaugurated Bakulbagan Sarbojanin, one of the most important community Pujas in Kolkata. She was accompanied by party MP Subrata Bakshi. There, she prayed for peace and prosperity of people. It may be mentioned that Bakulbagan is one of earliest clubs in Kolkata to introduce theme Puja in the mid 1980s. Mamata Banerjee’s painting on Ma Durga was the theme of the club some years ago.She also inaugurated the Puja of Bhowanipore Sarbojanin Durgotsav Committee, where the theme is communal harmony. She chanted hymns from Chandi and prayed for everybody’s happiness and peace. She said: “Hinduism has taught us to be tolerant and people from different religions take part in Durga Puja. There are some who are trying to create trouble during the festival and I request everyone to intensify vigil.”
Celebrity biographies often prove to be the most sought after reads because of the amount of spice they carry. From their secret affairs to the even more hushed break-ups, the biographies are the most authentic source for fans to know about their favourite stars.Recently, Rekha’s biography ‘Rekha: An Untold Story’ by Yassir Usman created quite a stir as it carried some extremely shocking and jaw-dropping revelations about her private and professional life. This book unveils a lot about the most famous and starry extra-marital affair of that time between the superstar Amitabh Bachchan and Rekha, while he was still married to Jaya Bachchan. Also Read – Add new books to your shelfRekha discloses how Jaya broke down during the screening of Muqaddar Ka Sikander when the romantic scene bewteen Rekha and Amitabh appeared. She also states that it was Jaya who brought an end to their relationship when one fine day, she learnt that Amitabh won’t do any more films with her. Rekha had already received this news from the others, but she was waiting for Amitabh to personally come and inform her about this new development. But Amitabh never came. When confronted, Amitabh confirmed the news but asked her not to question him any further. Also Read – Over 2 hours screen time daily will make your kids impulsiveRekha openly voiced her opinion about how being an ‘other woman’ is so much better than being a wife because the man wants her in spite of having a wife. This just proves that the tag of ‘other woman’ that she had got while dating Amitabh never really bothered her.She disclosed the disturbing details about her forced kiss with Biswajeet when she was just fifteen years old. “The shooting of Anjana Safar was underway in Bombay’s Mehboob Studio. Raja Nawathe was the director and cinematographer of the film. In the very first schedule of the film, Kuljeet Pal (the director), Raja and Biswajeet (the lead actor) had hatched a plan, with Rekha as the unsuspecting victim. That day a romantic scene was to be filmed between Rekha and Biswajeet. Every last detail of the strategy had been decided before the shoot. As soon as the director Raj Nawathe said ‘action’, Biswajeet took Rekha in his arms and pressed his lips on hers. Rekha was stunned. This kiss had never been mentioned to her. The camera kept rolling; neither was the director ordering ‘cut’ nor was Biswajeet letting go of her. For all of five minutes, Biswajeet kept kissing Rekha. Unit members were whistling and cheering. Her eyes were tightly shut but they were full of tears.”The book has all the details about her marriage with businessman Mukesh Agarwal, who later committed suicide. The ill-treatment by Vinod Mehra’s mother just after their marriage and how she was projected in a black light after her affair with Amitabh became public.Rekha is known to be extremely forthcoming and outspoken; she is equally open-minded as well. No girl would ever think about speaking out loud about the kind of issues she spoke about back then. In an interview, she said some extremely bold statements like “You can’t come close, really close to a man without making love”, “It is a sheer fluke that I have never got pregnant so far”, “Premarital sex is very natural”. Her roller-coaster life has been carefully captured in those few pages and that’s what makes it an intriguing read.
Kolkata: The app-cab aggregators will have to come up with suitable solutions to address surcharge of fares and other issues during January 10 meeting which will be attended by the state government representatives.This was made clear by Madan Mitra, president of West Bengal Online Cab Operators Guild (WBOCOG) during a meeting held on Saturday. “The app-cab operators may have their own grievances but it is a fact that they are taking upper hand and harassing passengers by charging random fares for the same distance covered during trips. If there is no solution on January 10, the WBOCOG will request the state government to come up with an online cab corporation to regulate fares of the app-based cabs,” he said. Also Read – Rain batters Kolkata, cripples normal lifeIt has been learnt that state government representatives will be present in the meeting to listen to the demands of the operators. It may be mentioned here that app-cab aggregators under the WBOCOG has been demanding intervention of the state government for quite sometime after some drivers were suspended. The app-cab union had called a 72-hour strike on December 24 but it did not take place following the intervention of Mitra who had urged them not to disrupt services as it would have an adverse effect on the commuters. Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Mercedes car in Kolkata, 2 pedestrians killedA meeting was held on Saturday by the West Bengal Online Cab Operators Guild in this regard. The app-cab operators have decided to ply their vehicles with black badges and flags on them for the next three days. The guild is also eager to discuss with the government a series of issues including the fare and the deduction of the commission during the next meeting. There were instances of rampage in the city by the aggregators on December 27 resulting in outright hooliganism and leading to the arrest of as many as 14 people from Kasba and Lake Town areas respectively for trying to stop app-cabs from plying on the road.
Drinking even moderate amounts of alcohol may put you at an increased risk of suffering a form of brain damage that affects memory and navigation, a new study warns.Researchers, including those from Oxford University in the UK, analysed data on weekly alcohol intake and cognitive performance measured repeatedly over 30 years for about 550 healthy men and women.Participants had an average age of 43 years at the start of the study and none were alcohol dependent.Researchers carried brain function tests at regular intervals and at the end of the study participants underwent an MRI brain scan.Several factors that could have influenced the results were taken into account, such as age, sex, education, social class, physical and social activity, smoking, stroke risk and medical history.The team found that higher alcohol consumption over the 30 year study period was associated with increased risk of hippocampal atrophy – a form of brain damage that affects memory and spatial navigation.While those consuming over 30 units a week were at the highest risk compared with abstainers, even those drinking moderately (14-21 units per week) were three times more likely to have hippocampal atrophy compared with abstainers, researchers said.The study was published in the journal The BMJ.
Inaugurated by former speaker of Lok Sabha, Meira Kumar and organised by Purbanchal Ekta Manch (Reg.), the two-day long 10th Vishwa Bhojpuri Sammelan 2018 culminated on April 8 at Dada Dev Mela Ground Dwarka Sector 8, Delhi. MP and Bhojpuri’s famous singer Manoj Tiwari, President of Delhi Congress committee Ajay Makan and AAP Spokesperson Dilip Pandey, Ashwini Choubey, Mahabal Mishra, Dr Sanjay Sinha, Gurucharan Singh, Virendra Singh were present on the occasion.The literary symposium, Bhojpuri poet convention and cultural evening were also organized on the occasion. Under this, Chaita Mahotsav was also organized, in which Kamalwas Kunwar and Tarakeshwar Thakur presented their poetry. Bhojpuri cinema special honorary ceremony was also organized during the program and as main artist of the cultural program, Pawan Singh, Seema Singh, Aradhana Singh, and Kanu Mukherjee entertained the visitors with their voice.National President of Purvanchal Ekta Manch, Shivji Singh said that such programmes enrich the rich culture of the countryside. He said that our effort is to bring Bhojpuri to the eighth list of the constitution, for this we and our platform are constantly stranded. “Like every year, Purvanchal Ekta Manch is celebrating its 10th Vishwa Bhojpuri Sammelan this year,” he further added. On this occasion, Dr Sanjay Sinha, Jai Jai Ram Singh, HP Singh, BN Chaudhary, President Shivji Singh, Vice President Tapan Jha, Convener Mukesh Singh, Vice President Vipul Mishra, Rakesh Kumar, SN Singh and Dr Anil, along with Rishi Kumar Jangalangia were present.
Heart attack patients can suffer substantial emotional trauma after treatment, and showing kindness may help them find their way back to emotional wellbeing, a study has found. The emotional whiplash can range from phobia about moving in case their heart rate rises, to difficulty accepting a new identity as someone with a serious health condition, according to a study published in the journal Qualitative Research in Sport, Exercise and Health. The study found emotional trauma following a heart attack was more common in men who saw themselves as alpha males who, after becoming a heart patient, saw themselves as the runt in the litter, weak and likely to be ‘picked off’ by life and other people. Also Read – Add new books to your shelfThe research by Samantha Meredith, a PhD student University of Portsmouth in the UK, found cardiac rehabilitation played a huge role in helping people find their way back to emotional wellbeing. The study examines cardiac patients navigating shock and grief, including depression, feelings of loss of control, and a disruption to their understanding of who they thought they were. “We saw substantial emotional trauma following a cardiac event, including ‘cardiophobia’, the fear of elevated heart rate or doing anything strenuous,” said Meredith. Also Read – Over 2 hours screen time daily will make your kids impulsive”Cardiac patients need better support in terms of counselling, identity support, social support and emotionally intelligent care to help them find their feet again, following a traumatic experience,” she said. “They also need to talk about their feelings. Some patients appear to bury their emotions for fear of judgement and to avoid being labelled ‘sick’. “This is particularly true of men, who seemed to see expressing emotion as not masculine,” she added. Previous research has shown that not being able to accept a serious health experience or a new identity as someone with a life-changing condition can influence the clinical outcomes for a patient. “For many, their ability or inability to manage and accept this experience and their ‘new’ identity as a patient influenced their clinical outcomes, underlining why it’s so important patients are helped to rebuild emotionally as well as physically,” she said. The support for patients in the study included kindness and warmth from nurses and physiotherapists that patients at a cardiac rehabilitation centre. The study reports the findings as three fictional stories based on the most common types of emotional trauma seen in cardiac patients over a year. The most common ‘patient’ was an alpha male unable to accept that they were now vulnerable, and or who rejected their ‘useless’ heart, and avoided engaging with the cardiac referral. Another common story was that of people so fixated on their heart rate monitor that they’d become crippled by fear of their heart rate rising by even a few beats per minute.
Kolkata: Bengal government-empanelled lawyers at Calcutta High Court on Tuesday lifted a boycott of Justice Samapti Chattopadhyay’s court, within a day of taking such a decision. Additional government pleader Bhaskar Baishya said they have decided to attend the court of Justice Samapti Chattopadhyay from Wednesday. “The issues over which the decision of not attending Justice Chattopadhyay’s court has been amicably resolved and we will attend her court and plead cases as usual,” Baishya said. State-empanelled lawyers at the high court Monday Also Read – Rs 13,000 crore investment to provide 2 lakh jobs: Mamatatold Justice Chattopadhyay that henceforth they will not attend her court. An indignant Justice Chattopadhyay had later asked whether the West Bengal government-empanelled lawyers mean to say that she is doing injustice to her chair. “Determination (assignment of cases) is given to me by the Chief Justice and not by the government lawyers. Give respect to the chair,” she said while hearing a case challenging a confidence vote at Bongaon Municipality. Also Read – Lightning kills 8, injures 16 in stateState-empanelled lawyers did not appear before the court of Justice Chattopadhyay during the hearing of the Bongaon municipality case or any other matter on Monday. “The way the judge is heckling government lawyers during hearing of various cases, it is not possible for us to attend her court,” Baishya, also the chairman of Trinamool Congress Lawyers’ Cell, had said outside the courtroom. Justice Chattopadhyay, who holds the determination of Municipal Affairs, had made some caustic comments against the state government last week over conducting of confidence votes in some civic bodies. During the hearing of a petition on July 15, Justice Chattopadhyay had observed that it is unfortunate that water bodies are being filled up randomly, with the government doing nothing about it. Everybody seems to know what is happening around, except the government, she had said. Justice Chattopadhyay was also involved in a verbal exchange with senior counsel and TMC MP Kalyan Bandopadhyay on Thursday when the Bongaon Municipality matter was mentioned before her court. During a hearing on Friday, Justice Chattopadhyay had questioned the Trinamool Congress chairman of Bongaon Municipality as to why he was trying to hold on to his chair when the majority of the councillors do not want him to continue in the post. Justice Chattopadhyay had on July 19 stayed a meeting for holding a vote of confidence in the chairman of Halisahar Municipality on a plea by a councillor that the provision is being misused by the Trinamool Congress’ head of the civic body to get protection.
When Peter Falk passed away in 2011, the focus was naturally on his most famous role: Columbo. The premise of a shabby-looking, seemingly absent-minded detective who in reality was a tack-sharp hunter of wealthy killers, was ground-breaking and made him into a household name. For Falk, the role was a blessing but he had his regrets over the experience. In a 1996 interview for the newspaper Libération and covered by the New York Post, he discussed his experimental work with director John Cassavetes, remarking “It did me good to meet him, I was beginning to become a cynical actor” and “I’d surely be a better actor today if I hadn’t played Columbo all these years.”Publicity photo of Peter Falk as Colombo.This isn’t to say Falk didn’t enjoy chasing those rich frauds onscreen in his beat-up car, vexating them with frequent references to his wife and that classic line of “One more thing…” He’d left the life of a public administrator behind in his twenties to pursue an acting career, and in interviews seemed delighted with the way things had ended up.One distinctive factor about Falk was his artificial eye, which replaced the cancerous one that had to be removed when he was just three years old. Despite this traumatic experience with retinoblastoma, he found ways to turn the new eye to his advantage, especially when it came to pranks and putting people at ease.Falk as a senior in high school, 1945.The army wouldn’t take him because of his disability, but he found a place in the merchant navy where he worked as a cook. In 2014 The Guardian quoted him from a Nineties piece, where he said “You’re not wanted on deck or in the engine room with one eye, but you’re good to fire up the ovens and cook hundreds of chops.”Falk as Columbo, 1973.One of the most infamous stories of Falk’s sense of humor occurred during his service, when a bunkmate got more than he bargained for after asking “how come a young kid like myself was in the Merchant Marine.”As described to Cigar Aficionado in 1997, Falk replied that he “had a slight physical problem. With that, I sat down in my bunk and took out my two front teeth–at that time I had a bridge on my upper front teeth.”Things You May Not Know About James Bond“Anyway, I took it out and laid it on the bench in front of my bunk. Then I reached in and took out my eye and dropped it on the bench next to my teeth. It made a nice sound effect. As Joe was doing a double take, I then bent over and with both of my hands pretended to be twisting my leg, as if I had a false leg, which I was unscrewing to take off. Suddenly Joe’s face went white, and he leaped off his bunk and said, ‘I’m going out on deck for a while.’”Because of his appearance, Falk was discouraged from acting. At one point Harry Cohn of Columbia Pictures cruelly informed him that he could hire a performer with two eyes for the same price. Yet Falk pressed on regardless and became a movie star, then one of the small screen’s ultimate snoopers.Falk with Natalie Wood in Penelope (1966).At one stage he wanted to join the ranks of law enforcement for real. After leaving life at sea, he approached the CIA for an administrator’s job, only to be turned down. Ironically this was nothing to do with his vision. In fact the Agency didn’t appear to have an issue with Falk’s eye at all.As recalled in The Guardian, he claimed the reasons were more political. He didn’t get the gig “because I’d joined the union of cooks and stewards at sea. And because I’d attended a liberal college and been in Yugoslavia. But they never mentioned the eye.”Peter Falk statue as Columbo with his Dog in Budapest, Hungary. Photo by Illustratedjc CC BY-SA 3.0Perhaps Falk’s interviewer would have turned on his TV years later and received a shock. The man they’d shown the door had turned into one of the sharpest minds in America. Someone who could have cracked the CIA like an egg, had a murder taken place within its walls.Read another story from us: The Declassified FBI Files on Ernest HemingwayA combination of pneumonia and Alzheimer’s disease got Peter Falk in the end. However his fine autobiography Just One More Thing and a back catalog which saw him act with everyone from Frank Sinatra (Robin and the 7 Hoods) to Bob Hoskins (The Lost World, BBC) ensure he’ll live on forever in the minds of a grateful public.Steve Palace is a writer, journalist and comedian from the UK. Sites he contributes to include The Vintage News, Art Knews Magazine and The Hollywood News. His short fiction has been published as part of the Iris Wildthyme range from Obverse Books.